Tribunals in India

Tribunals in India are part of the Executive branch of the Government,
which are assigned with the powers and duties to act in judicial capacity for settlement of disputes. Part XIV of the Constitution of India makes provisions for establishment and functioning of the Tribunals in India. They are quasi judicial bodies which are less formal, less expensive and enable speedy disposal of cases.

They have very specific work-areas. They work on the principles of natural justice and not on law of evidence which are usually followed by courts in general. They are classified in two different categories– Statutory and Non-Statutory. The Statutory ones are those set up by the different statutes whereas the non-statutory ones are set up through contracts between the contracting parties either by way of express or implied contracts.

Appellate Tribunals

Appellate Tribunals are the appellate authorities which adjudicate appeals and petitions filed against the concerned judicial or quasi-judicial body. Like the court system, here also for every subordinate adjudicating body there is an appellate authority. Appellate bodies comprise generally of a Chairman and other members appointed by the State or Central Government based on the jurisdiction. If a party to the dispute is not satisfied with the award pronounced by the appellate authorities he can move to the Supreme Court or High Court for further appeal on the ground of being ultra vires, arbitrary or mala fide or perverse or on error of law.

List of Tribunals in India

There is a huge list of Tribunals in India. The reason for such a large number of Tribunals is because of they are established under different statutes. We have provided a searchable list of Tribunals in India.