A suit action is initiated by the filing of a plaint. Suits and Petitions are generic terms used by the legal fraternity quite often. It is to be noted that both are not synonymous since there is only a small difference between them.
The method and procedure of filing a plaint is provided for in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. Its conduct is termed as litigation. Parties involved in such legal actions are called litigants. It can be complicated since there can be more parties involved. A suit may consist of any number of claims and defenses, between any number of plaintiffs and defendants. However, courts can use their discretionary powers to split claims and parties into separate legal actions if needed.
Petition can be defined as a formal application reduced in writing and made to a court or judicial authority for a particular judicial action. It includes demand for writs; orders for modifications, continuances, or dismissal of a case; orders to show cause; reduction of bail in criminal matters; appointment of a guardian; and decree of distribution or partition of an estate, etc. It can be made ex parte, i.e., a case where there is no opposing party.
World Law Centre has developed a dedicated portal where one can get different formats of Suits and Petitions. The search engine makes it easy for the users to have access to them. One can search by name, keywords, subject, or by courts.