The Ministry of Labour and Employment aims to promote healthy work environment which leads to higher production, develop vocational skill training and employment. It is with the aim to protect and safeguard the workers' interest the Ministry of Labour and Employment has been created.
The government is committed on promoting welfare and facilitating social security to labour force whether organized or unorganized. It also facilitates to bridge the gap between the job seekers and job providers by way of a portal, i.e., National Career Service portal, which has been launched on 20 July 2015.
The key role of the Ministry is to regulate labour laws and policies, health, safety and welfare of the labour, workers' education, policies for women and child labour. The adjudication of industrial disputes is by way of Industrial Tribunals and Labour Courts set up by Central Government.
Labour Laws in India
The Central Government has enacted 44 statutes relating to labour laws in India which deal with matters like minimum wages, occupational safety and health, formation of trade unions, settlement of industrial disputes, conditions of employment, social security and accidental benefits, disciplinary actions etc. Constitution of India also focuses on labour rights under Articles 14-16, 19(1) (c), 23, 24, 38 and 41-43A.
The list of some of the major laws is provided here.