Types Of Child Custody: A Complete Guide For Divorcing Parents!


Karin Berns

As a marriage dissolves, parents often find themselves in things like ? child?s custody?! If you are soon going to be divorce, children would be the focal point of the process.  While child custody is often contentious, in many cases, it is decided between parents with no strings attached to the law and courts.

However, the cases in which parents don?t come to an endpoint, the law has to intervene. And when this situation arrives, the custody battle start heating, and the court has to make a decision. Here are some different types of child custody?s that you might encounter in the court:

Legal Custody:

Legal custody means parents have the complete right to make decisions and to obligate decisions as per child?s upbringing. In this, the parent, given with legal custody, can make decisions related to a child?s education, medical care, and religious upbringings without consulting another parent.

Since, divorcing couples often don?t communicate with each other, having the knowledge of who will decide what will help a child in the future.  Legal custody, as stated in legal dictionaries also means offering the decision-making power to both parents.

Further, in some cases court also allows joint legal custody with another parent, so if you one person exclude other in child?s consent, the other one can go to the court.

Physical Custody:

Physical custody means the kid will live with one parent with other getting the right to visit the child occasionally.  But if the child spends equal time with both parents, the state court might award parents with joint physical custody.

This will let both parents spend equal time with kids. Let? say, that both parents share legal custody with the father given the physical custody of the kid. In this case, both mother and father can make decisions related to the child's upbringing, but the kid will stay with father and mother is given the visitation right. Mother can visit child on major holidays, weekends or as per the court?s decision.

Sole Custody:

In this parents either have sole legal custody or sole parents custody or can be both.  Further, unless the court proves that one parent cannot take charge of a kid, the family courts usually offer custody in a way that the non-custodial parent will get opportunities to play large roles in their kid?s life.

Even if the law applies the sole physical custody, the non-custodial parent can enjoy as many as visits they want.

Joint Physical Custody:

Joint custody means both parents get the custody of the child; it is same as that of joint legal custody, sole custody or both. While the decisions may vary as per the state laws, you don?t have to bound to this if you and your ex aggress on a different solution. It can be a one-week visit or alternate visits.  Just keep in mind that parents with physical custody don?t receive or pay for child?s support as both parents are spending equal time and money on the kid.

Different Types Of Visitation That The Court Can Offer Are:

Visitation is basically a plan that the court proposes on parents to decide how much time a parent will share time. The visitations also vary depending on the kid?s interest, the situation of parents and other factors. However, generally visitation:

Vary According To The Schedule:

This will help parents to have a detailed plan of visitation to avoid any confusion and conflicts. In this, the court will decide the details like meeting time and date on which the kid will be with a parent. Some schedules also include special occasions like someone?s birthday, festivals and other important dates for the family. It can also include vacations and other holidays.

Reasonable Visits:

Usually, these visits are open-ended and also allow parents to schedule their visits flexibly. These visitations often occur when both parents are flexible and communicate well with each other. Besides, these visits don?t have details to when children will be with each parent.

Supervised Visitation:

These visits are often used when children?s safety and well-being require the visit with another parent under supervision. These visits are often required when child and parent need some time to become familiar with one another.For more detail regarding to child custody you must read Legal dictionary.

No Visitation:

This visitation occurs when visiting another parent, even with supervision, is harmful to the kid.

Kids often do better when both parents are involved in their upbringing; so take your child custody accordingly and give your kids a contented life!

About the Author:

Karin M. Berns is the manager of International Trade Group in the firm's Washington. She practices international and corporate transactional law. She has worked extensively in matters involving international investment and trade, U.S. export controls, international trade disputes, and negotiations in the steel, automobile, textile, electronics, new materials and agricultural industries. She has also negotiated and structured a number of U.S. domestic and overseas acquisitions and joint ventures.

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