There are several Laws relating to the
protection of Animals in India. Some of the important Laws are given below:
(A)THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT,
This Act defines animals under Section
2(a) as being any living creature other than a human being. Under the Act there are certain
duties cast upon persons having charge of the Animals. Every person having the
responsibility to care any animal is required to take all reasonable measures
to ensure the prevention from any suffering or pain.
The Act defines various forms of Cruelty to
animals, some of them are listed below:-
animal, which is treated with cruelty or given infectious food, is a case which
is punishable with imprisonment and fine.
of any animal causing suffering or pain is another punishable offence.
· Killing of homeless animals is also illegal.
The Act also regulates the training or exhibition of animals at circus or street for
the purpose of entertainment.
The Act provides for punishment with fine which may extend to five hundred
rupees or imprisonment that may extend to three months or both.
WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972
Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is also one of the most important legislations
dealing with animals and their protection. The definition of animals
under Section 2(1) of the Act includes mammals, birds, amphibians,
reptiles and their young and also eggs in
cases of birds and reptiles.
Wildlife Protection Act 1972, Section 9 prohibits the hunting of wild animals
subject to the exceptions provided under Section 11 and Section 12.
11 of the Act provides that the hunting of wild animals can be permitted under
a wild animal has become dangerous to human life or is diseased beyond
recovery, then by order in writing such hunting of animal is permissible.
animals who are dangerous to human life or property which includes land or
standing crops can be permitted by order in writing to be hunted.
act of defense by any person leading to death or injury to any wild animal
shall not be an offence.
12 of the Act provides for the permission to hunt under special circumstances
especially for the purpose of education and scientific research with the
permission of the chief wildlife warden.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
Constitution of India, under Article 51A also provides the duties of citizens
to include compassion for the living species.
(D) INDIAN PENAL CODE
The Indian Penal Code also makes it punishable
to cause injury to Animals. Section 428 and 429 states that any wound or injury
caused to animals is illegal and shall be punished with imprisonment or
with fine or with both.
ANIMAL BIRTH CONTROL (DOGS) ABC RULES, 2001
Under the Animal
Birth Control (Dogs) ABC Rules, 2001:-
committee has been constituted for planning and management of dog control.
· The Rules provide instructions for shelter,
transport, vaccination and other treatment of dogs.
· This committee also helps in creating public
awareness and funding.
(F) ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD:
An Animal Welfare Board has been created in
India for the protection of animals. Established under the Central Government,
this board undertakes a list of functions as stated under Section 9 of the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960 which are :-
· To enforce the law properly and to prevent
India of cruelty to animals.
· To advise Government on necessary changes on
· To advise Government on matters of
confinement of animals.
· To encourage the Government for the
construction of water troughs, sheds and other assistance.
· To advise the Government in relation to
slaughter of animals.
· By providing financial assistance to animal
· To take relevant advises from the Government
in terms of medical care and animal hospital.
· To spread awareness in relation to treatment
· To promote animal welfare through posters,
books, exhibitions, lecturers etc.
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