In India, the statute, which governs law relating to it, is the Court Fees Act, 1870. It is paid through printed stamp paper, adhesive stamps or by electronic e-stamping. The Act deals with computation of such charges payable on certain suits, valuation of relief in suit or appeal for its collection, refund for review and remand of appeal, etc. It varies from state to state and also with different jurisdictions.
In ancient India, administration of justice was free of cost, and therefore, no charges on administration of civil justice were imposed. It was considered as the key function of the Emperor, being the guardian of the citizens, to redress the grievances of his citizens without imposing any charge on them. It was only during the British rule that the regulations on levy of such charges came into existence.
Payment of fees for the adjudication of cases began on establishment of the courts in India. Initially the charges were kept nominal, however, later it was increased with a view that it will help in prevention of filing of frivolous and baseless suits and petitions. Besides earning revenue for the administration of justice, it is a protective measure to prevent the abuse of process of justice.
World Law Centre facilitates the users by providing the Schedules to Court Fees, where different rates are prescribed for different types of suits and petitions. A search engine has been developed so that users will be able to access the information by entering the details of the suit title or keywords, etc.