Rights of children includes not only allowing children autonomous action but also ensuring by positive action that the children are physically, mentally and emotionally free from abuse.
Child rights are of utmost important in today’s time and circumscribe many issues relating to the child’s protection.
Some of the most important issues relating to the rights of the Child are child health, crime against children, child education, child labour, right to survival and development, child trafficking, social and psychological issues, teenage drinking, child marriage, street children and the rights of the girl child.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights is one of the basic documents laying international legal standards for children’s rights.
There are several other conventions and laws addressing children’s right e.g.,
a. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [Art. 24-special provision to child because of his minority, the right to a name and the right to a nationality].
b. Conventions on the Rights of the Child [4 core principles: the principle of non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival and development and considering the views of the child on decisions affecting them].
c. The Child Rights Caucus for the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children [set up to give priority to the child rights during the UN General Assembly Special Session].
d. The Vienna Declaration and Program of Action [calls on states to integrate the Convention on the Rights of the Child into their national action plans].
In India too, we have enacted various laws and acts related to children to protect them and to give them a better and sound development.
Some of the most important legislation on Child Rights in India are
The National Institute of public Co-operation & Child Development (NIPCCD) and the Integrated Child Development Services are some of the recent initiates made by Government in this regard. Even NHRC & UNICEF are also organizations which take special efforts to protect children rights.