alcohol-abuse-main

Alcohol and Substance Abuse

Alcohol and Substance Abuse involves heavy drinkers and substance abusers who continue such abuse regardless of the results.

Alcohol use disorder and alcohol dependence are new classifications used for alcohol addiction. Addiction is considered to be a serious disorder.

Addiction does not happen overnight. With increased consumption users become physically dependent on such substances. Addiction refers to physical and psychological dependency on alcohol or other psychotropic substances. It starts as a mild problem and gradually becomes severe.

Most of the drugs used are illegal putting the users at risk as they get involved in criminal activities to obtain the substance of abuse. Users tend to get so dependent that they lose their mental sense and are known to resort to various illegal and immoral actions to acquire them. They crave for the addictive substance and feel helpless if they are not being able to obtain it.

All abusers do not always exhibit the same symptoms; it depends on number of factors such as medical history and individual’s background. The general signs are violent or erratic behavior, depression, loss of interest in work, lack of interest in friends and family, etc. There are long and short term effects of alcohol and substance abuse; they are cancer, brain damage, memory loss, liver disease, slurred speech, impaired judgment, etc.

Individuals who seek to overcome addictions have a number of options open to them. There are various treatment centers available and they can also take therapy sessions from trained psychologists. Therapists and counselors are trained to provide help so that they can be completely treated and move on with their normal lifestyle.

In India, there are many rehabilitation centers and NGO’s providing treatment and counselling. Some of them are listed below:-

  • The Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS

  • Hope Trust India

  • Phoenix Foundation India

  • Arzoo Foundation

  • AARIT Recovery Centre

  • Punarjani

  • Genesis Foundation

  • Amitha

  • AnattaHumanversity

  • Nashamukti Kendra

  • Drug Dependence Treatment Centre

  • Tulasi Healthcare

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signs-and-symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms can be both physical and behavioural e.g. mood swings, loss of interest in hobbies, changed sleeping pattern, red or glassy eyes etc.

causes

Causes

Addiction often starts when the individual feels lonely. They feel that drugs and alcohol can fill that void. Other reasons can be peer pressure, modeling parent's behaviour, curiosity, boredom, etc.



diagnosis-alcohol

Diagnosis

Drug Addition is often diagnosed as related to mental health illness such as personality, mood, anxiety disorders etc.

prevention

Prevention

The Primary goal of Prevention is to delay the first use of alcohol and substance. Prevention works best when attention is given to protective factors such as strong family bonds, parental engagement in child's life, clear parental expectations and consequences, academic success and strong bonds with pro-social institutions (school, community and church).



treatment

Treatment

Many sorts of methodologies are employed for treating alcohol and substance abuse problem. When admitted into a rehabilitation centre ,a treatment plan is devised unique to an individual. Detoxification program, counselling, therapies & medication to reduce the desire to consume drugs & alcohol.

health-effects

Health Effects

Most drugs and alcohol directly or indirectly target the brain's reward systems by flooding the circuit with dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion and motivation.




Key Documents

United Nations Charter
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms as amended by Protocols No. 11 and No. 14
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
United Nations Millennium Declaration
OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa
Geneva Convention relative to the treatment of prisoners of war of 12 August 1949
The Refugee Convention, 1951
Convention and Protocol relating to the status of refugees
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
Violation of Women Human Rights in India
Women's Rights are Human Rights
Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Rules, 1988
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
African Banjul Charter on Human and Peoples Rights
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
Brussels European Council 29-30 October 2009
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
Charter of the United Nations, 1945
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degarding Treatment or Punishment
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of as amended by Protocols no. 11 and 14
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention relating to the Status of Refugees 28.7.1951
Council Directive 2004-83-EC
Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women
International Bill of Human Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees 16.12.1966
The Charter Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa Maputo Protocol
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 27 July 2012
United Nations Millennium Declaration
Convention on the Political Rights of Women, 1952
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict
Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Universal Declaration on Democracy, 1997
Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1948
Convention on a Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision- Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
ABM Treaty
ACCOBAMS Agreement
Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels -ACAP_Agreement
Agreement on the Conservation of African Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds
Antarctic Treaty WC 1959
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
Assistance Convention Vienna 1986
Bamako Convention 1991
Barcelona Convention 1976
Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed
Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movement 1989
Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movement
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction 1975
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction
Bucharest Convention for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution 1992
Canberra Convention 1980
Carpathian Convention - PROTOCOL
Carpathian Convention
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
Cartagena Convention 1983
Chemical Weapons Convention
CITES Convention 1973
Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa
Convention for Protection & Development of Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region
Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region 1986
Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
Convention on Biological Diversity 1992
Convention on Cluster Munitions
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident Vienna 1986
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas 1958
Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution 1979
Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere
Convention on Nuclear Safety 1994
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Others Matter
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992 (HELSINKI CONVENTION)
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat
Convention On the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accident 1992
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas 1966
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
International convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946
International convention on civil liability for oil pollution damage (clc) 1992
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea London 1996
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Co-Operation 1990
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the high Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties 1969
Kyoto Protocol 1997
Montreal Protocol 1989
Minamata Convention on Mercury
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 1987
Nairobi Convention 1985
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation
OSPAR Convention 1992
Adoption of the Paris Agreement 2015
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
Regional Convention, Jeddah 1982
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade Rotterdam 1998
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants 2001
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
US- Canada Air Quality Agreement
Vienna Convention On Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage 1963
Waigani Convention 1995
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural
Agreement Establishing the Common Fund for Commodities
Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation 1994
Constitution of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1945
Constitution of the World Health Organization
Constitution of UNESCO
Convention of the World Meteorological Organization
Convention Establishing a Customs Cooperation Council
Doha amendment to the Kyoto Protocol
Geneva Convention I
Geneva Convention II
Geneva Convention III
Geneva Convention IV
Geneva Conventions -Protocol I
Hostages Convention
Madrid Agreement
Madrid Protocol
Nagoya Protocol
Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
SAARC Charter
Vienna Convention on Consular Relations 1963
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
WIPO Convention
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World Organisations

united-nation

United Nation

world-trade-organisation

World Trade Organisation

world-health-organisation

World Health Organisation

World-Bank

World Bank

international-labour-org

International Labour Organisation

unfpa

UNFPA

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NGOs in India

goonj

Goonj

helpage-india

HelpAge India

nanhi-kali

Nanhi Kali

salaam-baalak

Salaam Baalak

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International NGOs

amazon-watch

Amazon Watch

freedom-house

Freedom House

human-right-foundation

Human Right Foundation

amnesty-international

Amnesty International

asiaeurope-foundation

Asia Europe Foundation

united-nation

Oxfam

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