Aadhaar Card is a 12 digit unique identification number issued by Government of India to its citizens. It is based on the biometric and demographic data of the residents of India. Aadhaar is claimed to be the world's largest biometric ID system with the enrollment of approx. 1.171 billion people. The data centre of UIDAI is situated at Industrial Model Township (IMT), Manesar, Haryana.
Unique Identification Authority of India
Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a government body which is authorised to collect the data.
On 12 July 2016, UIDAI has been established under the provisions of Aadhaar Act, 2016 and governed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. The Aadhaar (Targated Delivery of Financial & other Subsidiaries, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 was passed.
Since September 2010, Aadhaar numbers have been issued to the Indian residents so that issues relating to duplicate and fake identities can be eliminated and such UID can be authenticated in simple and less expensive way, i.e., online. Aadhaar does not confer citizenship or it guarantees rights, entitlements or benefits.
On 7 February 2012, online verification system for Aadhaar numbers was launched.
How to apply for an Aadhaar Card
Any person can apply for Aadhaar Card if he is a resident of India, NRIs and foreign citizen residing in India can also apply. To get an Aadhaar Card biometric information is required. One has to visit an authorized Aadhaar enrollment centre with documents such as proof of address, proof of date of birth and proof of identity to apply for Aadhaar Card. Applicant has to download the Aadhaar Card Application or form online or can obtain it from Aadhaar Centre. After filling up the form biometrics, which include retina and finger print scan and photographs are collected by the authority.
The acknowledgement slip contains14 digit number with the help of which applicant can check its Aadhaar Card status.
Once approved the applicant can download Aadhaar Card online.